Definition of mental illness
Mental health is defined as the relatively permanent state of the individual in all its mental, psychological and physical health aspects, free from organic diseases and mental disorders , so the individual is generalized in a state of psychological, self and societal compatibility, followed by a feeling of comfort, enabling him to prove himself and take advantage of the opportunities available to achieve his goals. As for mental illness, it is contrary to mental health, as it can be defined as a psychological disorder of origin, resulting in improper attitudes of the individual towards himself and his community, that is, a state of incompatibility in psychological and social interaction, and the emergence of abnormal behaviors that affect the integrity of the achievements of the individual, and the course of his life In a safe and stable manner for himself and those around him, mental illness may spread in advanced cases from mental illness to organic or functional impairment, such as respiratory disorders of psychological origin, or cases of psychological eczema.
Causes of mental illness
The causes of mental illness are divided into the following:

Predisposing causes                                                                                             They are the factors surrounding the individual, whether internal or external, as they pave the conditions for the occurrence of the disease, and thus the individual becomes vulnerable to infection, and examples of these causes are: painful experiences that the individual may be exposed to, especially in childhood, genetic factors , and deterioration Social status, in addition to some physical ailments.

Auxiliary causes                                                                                                  These are events and stimuli that occur at a time immediately before the onset of the disease, which in turn lead to an acceleration of the emergence of a mental illness, and its emergence requires the presence of the susceptibility of the individual to injury, that is, it is a crisis that has exploded psychological problems, to turn them into diseases and disorders affecting the individual In the event of an inherent willingness to appear, such as the individual's exposure to financial crises preceded by his exposure to severe psychological pressures, or the critical age stages that the individual is going through.

Biological causes                                                                                                     It is a grouping of disorders or physical ailments whose source is biological, such as genetic diseases , congenital anomalies, imbalance in physiological processes during the different stages of development, and disorders of the general body of the individual's structure of impairments and birth defects , which make it affect the psychological and physical compatibility of the individual.

Psychological reasons                                                                                                 It is the reasons that have come from self - psychologically linked directly to the safety of psychological growth during the ages of developmental fabricated, and personal interaction of the individual with all the psychological conditions and social face, Examples include: not to satisfy the needs of the child according to requirements of the interim and deprived of them, and frustration and poor social adjustment , And defensive tricks used by the individual in the event he does not feel safe.

External causes                                                                                                   They are environmental causes related to the social environment, and the unbalanced and unbalanced upbringing of the family, the school, and the community